CERN celebrates twenty years of a free, open web
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Úterý Duben 30 10:27:41 CEST 2013
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*/CERN celebrates twenty years of a free, open web/*
Geneva, 30 April 2013 - Twenty years ago CERN published a statement
<http://cds.cern.ch/record/1164399> that made the World Wide Web ('W3',
or simply 'the web') technology available on a royalty free basis. By
making the software required to run a web server freely available, along
with a basic browser and a library of code, the web was allowed to flourish.
The technology, invented in 1989 at CERN by Tim Berners-Lee, was
originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for information
sharing between physicists in universities and institutes around the world.
Other information retrieval systems that used the Internet - such as
WAIS and Gopher - were available at the time, but the web's simplicity
along with the fact that the technology was royalty free led to its
rapid adoption and development.
"There is no sector of society that has not been transformed by the
invention, in a physics laboratory, of the web", says Rolf Heuer, CERN
Director-General. "From research to business and education, the web has
been reshaping the way we communicate, work, innovate and live. The web
is a powerful example of the way that basic research benefits humankind."
The first website at CERN - and in the world -- was dedicated to the
World Wide Web project itself and was hosted on Berners-Lee's NeXT
computer. The website described the basic features of the web; how to
access other people's documents and how to set up your own server.
Although the NeXT machine - the original web server - is still at CERN,
sadly the world's first website is no longer online at its original address.
To mark the anniversary of the publication of the document that made web
technology free for everyone to use, CERN is starting a project to
restore the first website and to preserve the digital assets that are
associated with the birth of the web. To learn more about the project
and the first website, visit http://info.cern.ch
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